Naheem was very close to her husband. They had been childhood sweethearts and had been best friends all of their lives. When her husband, Nabill, died at 45 of a sudden and unexpected heart attack, Naheem felt like she had been punched in the stomach.
She cried and screamed when the doctor told her that they had done everything possible, but he had not survived. How could she go on with her life? Naheem sat in her home in stunned silence. She had two children to take care of, all by herself now. Jade and Asia were only toddlers and did not really understand what was happening or why their father was not home. They happily watched the television while their mother sat staring into space.
Naheem and Nabill's families were trying to help her as much as they could, but at the end of the day, she was left to herself in her now empty bed. Naheem would wake in the middle of the night, reaching for her beloved husband, only to find his side of the bed empty. She cried herself to sleep every night for a week.
Naheem had to take care of her husband's estate and all of the legal issues that accompanied the death of a spouse. Unfortunately, she could not just crawl into a hole and forget about life for a while. She had her children to take care of and raise as a single mother now. She needed to talk about Nabill, she needed to talk about her grief, she needed to cry.Uic my housing
While it took her a long time to feel normal in a social situation, she found she was able to find joy in her children and even go out with friends for dinner now and again. Naheem continued to touch base with Rebecca on an intermittent basis for about 18 months. This was symbolically momentous for Naheem as it helped to bring her a sense of closure.
Naheem found that eventually she could look back on her life with Nabill with happiness and wistfulness at what she had lost and what might have been. Naheem found that seeing a grief counsellor within a few weeks after losing Nabill really assisted her to overcome the initial shock, and adjust herself to a new life without him.
Naheem found grief counselling valuable because it gave her an opportunity to reveal her emotions and talk about her loss in an environment separate to her family and friends. In the counselling room, Naheem felt able to talk freely about her fears of a life without Nabill — fears for her children, fears about financial insecurity, fears about loneliness.React websockets python
Rebecca listened with empathy and without judgment. She helped Naheem to make sense of her emotions and gave her practical advice, as well as emotional support, to help her find a way forward.
If you or someone you love has suffered a recent loss, they may benefit from talking with a professional bereavement counsellor or psychologist to help them work through their feelings of grief.
Anger Management.Sue and Tom lost their child Jill to leukaemia approximately one year ago. For ease of writing the Professional Counsellor is abbreviated to C. Jocelyn works as a Human Resources Manager for a large international organisation. She is becoming more and more stressed at work as the company is constantly changing and evolving.
It is a requirement of her job that she keeps up with this change by implementing new strategies as well as ensuring focus is kept on […].
A Support Group had been advertised on the display board of the local Drug and Alcohol Treatment Centre in the City where the Counsellor had been seeing each of the members for private counselling prior to the start of the programme. Ten clients enrolled in the group but by pm only 5 of the ten […]. Thomas is a 33 year old married man, who has recently become a father. He explains that he feels his self-esteem has been gradually deteriorating ever since he was married.
How to Write a Psychology Case Study
In his new role […]. Leah is a 24 year old woman who was recently discharged from the Army on medical grounds. During her four years in the Army, Leah experienced high levels of stress and anxiety which she coped with by drinking heavily. When she presented for counselling, Leah had been sober for 55 days and was seeking strategies […]. Elizabeth came to counselling because she was experiencing intense anger, and was not coping with her life.
She complained of failed relationships with her ex-husband, and with another man whom she left her husband to be with. Elizabeth cannot move on from the anger she feels about her failed relationships and she is feeling isolated […]. Sasha is a 60 year old woman who has recently retired from a career in teaching. Working for many years in a secondary school environment, Sasha was confident, motivated and dedicated to her work, but at the same time looking forward to retirement so she and her husband could travel and spend more time with […].
Richard is a year-old plant operator in a heavy machinery company. He works long hours and must start very early each day. Twelve months ago he accepted a transfer from a country location to a capital city kilometres away from his family. Due to financial obligations this was seen as a necessity. He travelled […]. Brett is a 36 year old man who works as an accountant for a small family business.
His commitment to the business and his friends, the business owners, has intensified the level of stress […]. Chris came to counselling because he was experiencing increasing feelings of being stressed, overwhelmed and weighed down by his commitments in life. He has been particularly concerned about his negative thoughts and attitude at work and at home and would like to change this. Chris has been seeing a Professional Counsellor for three sessions and […]. Fritz is 42 years of age and has been in Australia for the past 25 years.
He migrated from Germany with his immediate family, comprising of his mother, father and two sisters. At the age of 17 Fritz was filled with great dreams and aspirations for his new life in a new country and until […].
Mary was able to convey the events leading up to her problems clearly, although was reduced […]. Mark is 28 and has been married to Sarah for six years. He works for his uncle and they regularly stay back after work to chat. Sarah has threatened to leave him if he does not spend more time with her, but when they are together, they spend most of the time arguing, so he […].
In short Gary was a perpetrator of physical abuse against his intimate female partner, Julie, who is 22 years of age. The couple have no children but his partner has recently […].The following article is intended as an educational resource for new counselling students and educators of various persuasions.
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Within the context of their personal history, effective micro skill applications can encourage clients to tell their stories in colourful and extensive detail. Such effective implementation of micro skills facilitates the development of rapport and a positive therapeutic alliance thereby permitting clients to enrich their perspectives regarding problem and opportunity situations in their lives Egan, Three important counseling techniques will be explored, all of which have been clinically demonstrated to be efficacious in a broad range of counseling settings Egan.
The skills of active listening, empathy and sharing empathic highlights will be discussed and analysed within the framework of a counselling case study. Mary presented to counselling with a five year history of frustrated attempts to get her daughter to sleep consistently in her own bed. On one hand, she had gone to extraordinary efforts to influence and sustain effective sleep patterns in her daughter. On the other, a feeling of being out of control permeated drained resourcefulness.
Her preference for externalization posed an initial challenge for the therapist as he was primarily operating from an internal locus of control. The session commenced with proficient use of active listening skills. Active listening is a process by which the counsellor communicates verbally and non-verbally Robertson, in a manner that allows the client to feel heard and understood and have their stories and emotions validated. It may also serve to differentiate the counseling relationship from other interpersonal relationships the client has.
This distinction assists in creating counselling expectations of the client, which are important in client outcomes Duncan et al. Active listening can also facilitate problem resolution and assist the client to experience further self-integration and understanding Kensit, She did. Pause She did well up until about two weeks ago and then completely turned around, and would not go.
This example indicates active listening through an objective acknowledgment, rather than a subjective comment by the counsellor and a pause, therein encouraging the client freedom to continue telling her story and possibly fostering increased rapport, as evidenced by the clients affirmative response. However improper use of counselling skills can hinder the therapeutic alliance Duncan et al.
An example of active listening being misused through interrupting:. You trust the intensity of the relationship. You trust the intensity of your experience. It should also be noted that since Mary presented with a loss of control over a situation, interruptions by the therapist may have reinforced her self-defeatist attitude that she needed to be compliant with external sources.
In these instances, the cure can be worse than the disease Egan,and accordingly such improper use of helping skills can hinder client progress and weaken the alliance Duncan et al.
Additionally, the therapist provided advice to Mary, which may have invalidated her experience, as suggested by her tone of voice. It is widely recommended that the therapist continuously maintains congruency to enhance the value of active listening in the therapeutic alliance Duncan et al. Another important counseling micro skill is empathy.As a counselling student, you may feel daunted when faced with writing your first case study. Most training courses that qualify you as a counsellor or psychotherapist require you to complete case studies.
Important: Make sure you understand what is required by your awarding body before you set out doing your case study. So before you start writing, always check this, making sure that you have understood what is required. For example, the ABC Level 4 Diploma in Therapeutic Counselling requires you to write two case studies as part of your external portfolio, to meet the following criteria:. Check whether any more information is available on what your awarding body is looking for — e.
When you reflect on all the clients you have seen during training, you will no doubt realise that some clients are better suited to specific case studies than others. For example, you might have a client to whom you could easily apply your theoretical approach, and another where you gained real breakthroughs following your learning in supervision.
These are good ones to choose. You might also like to describe how they seemed in terms of both what they said and their body language as they first entered the counselling room and during contracting. Some clients are better suited to specific case studies than others. Choose well. If your agency uses assessment tools e. This is the part of the case study that varies greatly depending on what is required by the awarding body.
Two common types of case study look at application of theory, and application of learning from supervision. Other possible types might examine ethics or self-awareness. If you were doing the ABC Diploma mentioned above, then 4. For example, in the case of congruence, you would need to explain why and how you used it with the client, and the result of this.
Meanwhile, 4. For example, you would continue with how effective and important congruence was in terms of the theoretical approach in practice, supporting this with reasoning. In both, it would be important to structure the case study chronologically — that is, showing the flow of the counselling through at least six sessions rather than using the key concepts as headings. When writing supervision-based case studies as required by ABC in their criteria 5.
You could also reflect on your own learning, and how you might approach things differently in future. Rory has over 10 years expereince as a counselling tutor. He shares his best tips on how to get the most from your counselling studies.
This form collects your name and email address so that we can send you your handout, counselling study-related emails and offers. Member Login - Click Here. Writing a Counselling Case Study. Click here to download your Writing a Case Study: 5 Tips handout. Selecting the Client. Opening the Case Study.Tina is a year-old high school junior who resides with her parents and year-old brother. Tina counts calories and exercises each morning and evening.
Tina has always felt close to her family, especially to her mother. She is an excellent student, active in cheerleading and works a part-time job. Tina quickly is offended and reacts defensively.Online prasannam
On several occasions, Tina has left the table and locked herself in her bedroom. Until now, Tina has never given them any problems. Robert is a year-old married man with two adult children. He has been employed as a metallurgical engineer in a local steel mill for 20 years.
Robert married his high school sweetheart. Robert spends his spare time reading, playing golf and watching TV. For the last two months, Robert has felt blue and his appetite has decreased. Because he has not been sleeping well, Robert drinks more at night. Sometimes he feels like life is hardly worth living. Martha is a year-old divorced woman with three grown children.
Her oldest child, Heather, is married with a good career and is expecting her first baby. He has a teaching degree and a history of drug and alcohol abuse. He lives at home and commutes to a local university where he is a senior. Martha works as a legal secretary and lives on a tight budget. She is considering returning to college, and maybe even dating, now that her children are older. But Martha is afraid to make a decision that she may regret. In fact, when Martha makes plans to return to school or to join an online dating site, she feels so anxious that she sometimes experiences panic attacks.
Martha asked her family doctor for something for anxiety, but he suggested that she call a counselor. WWC therapists encounter scenarios similar to those above every day. In fact, they welcome individuals and families with these kinds of concerns and help them to discover positive solutions. In addition, learning how to accept things that cannot be changed can reduce anxiety. This can sometimes make it necessary to revisit past traumas or losses to make everyday life less stressful and allow the client to experience new relationships in a different way.
For example, Martha may need to deal with loss in a past relationship before she is able to move on to a new one. Martha also bears the stress of having a child with drug and alcohol issues while she does not have a supportive spouse to help her during hard times with her adult child.
A counselor can be her support and help her to develop social supports for the future.
Some people come to therapy knowing what they want to change. Other people come to therapy with a lot of stress, depression or just feeling badly about themselves, their marriage or their life. Counselors can explore these things with their clients and help them to set and to achieve goals. This is sometimes done in a structured way or sometimes it just begins to happen through observation and conversation.
In conclusion, if you have tried to work through challenges on your own and have not been successful, we are here to assist you during life transitions or when you are simply feeling unhappy with your current life situation. Case Studies Case Study I Tina is a year-old high school junior who resides with her parents and year-old brother. Case Study II Robert is a year-old married man with two adult children.The following intervention analysis will utilise a planned verbal interaction, which occurred as part of ongoing care, during a week placement on a Psychiatric Acute ward catering for Women aged The client's informed consent was gained verbally, to use this conversation within my assignment.
The client will be referred to as Carol. These measures are in accordance with the UKCC guidelines regarding consent and confidentiality. A client centred approach is to be employed as an aid to critical analysis of the intervention.
It will firstly give a rationale for why this particular intervention was chosen and for the theoretical approach utilised. Biographical details of the client including events leading up to this point, previous conversations and incidents which are relevant to the chosen intervention, can be found in Appendix A. It will outline what a client centred approach involves. Firstly by defining its beliefs and essential core conditions, then by calling on the more practical micro-skills involved.
The interaction will be analysed as each of these core conditions and skills are stated, thus helping in illustrating the helpful and not so helpful aspects of the interaction. Throughout the analysis, I will reflect upon how the intervention could have been more effective offering alternatives, which could have been more client-centred. The interaction, which is the focus of this study, is a prime example, in which I feel the need to offer a solution, in order to solve the problem, as I saw it.
It was obvious to me that I did not have all the answers. This left me wondering whether a more 'realistic' approach would help.
Counselling Case Study, Critique Of Counsellor Processes
My practice up to this point has always been more directives and prescriptive, so logically I searched for an alternative, as my current practice was not having the desired effect.
Another contributing factor were, staff attitudes toward the client. These were mostly negative. One member of staff said, " Good luck with her, you will soon find out, she's beyond help". This influenced my perception of Carol, making me negative before the fact, which served to make the task of being client centred more complicated, consequently making me more determined to understand this accepting 'way of being' described by Rogers Carl Rogers' client-centred approach to counselling was born out of Humanism Rogers cited in Tschudin Thorne states that Carl Rogers believed that what mattered, was the kind of relationship he offered to his client, nothing more, and nothing less.
His approach, views the client as the expert. That is to say that, only they can really know what is good and bad for them. It stresses individuality, offers the client the opportunity to take control of their own life.
The client centred-approach believes therefore, that the client is capable of finding their own way through their problems believing that in, everyone there is a potential for personal growth and change. Carol has been in the services for 20 years, only serving to deepen the layers of defences she has put in place to protect herself from harm, thus burying this ability to grow.
He also holds strong belief in that counselling is not a way of modifying behaviour Burnard The question remains how do we create the correct environment? Rogers sees three basic elements, which are needed in a helping relationship Rogers These are his core conditions. Congruency seems to be something that is gradually achieved. Congruence is about being real, genuine, dependable, trustworthy and consistent RogersBurnardTschudinThorne Rogers would advise that whatever feelings or attitudes I may be experiencing, I must try to be fully aware of them, in order to be congruent.
He also states, that there is much research, which supports the concept that the congruency of the counselor is beneficial in creating a therapeutic relationship. I recognized this at the time and expressed it through, reacting to her behavior, not by trying to understand the underlying feelings that were making her behave this way. Tschudin suggests that when feeling annoyance with another and not acknowledging or recognizing it, then the client will begin to see your verbal and non-verbal communication are not in harmony.
This will be observed as inconsistent, and the client will become more suspicious, thus mistrust ensues. Rogers calls this 'transparency', or in my own words 'see through'. This is what it is to be incongruent. X and said " I am feeling frustrated and angry because you are willing to walk away, without explanation".At some point in your study of psychology, you may be required to write a case study.
These are often used in clinical cases or in situations when lab research is not possible or practical. In undergraduate courses, these are often based on a real individual, an imagined individual, or a character from a television show, film, or book.
The specific format for a case study can vary greatly. In some instances, your case study will focus solely on the individual of interest. Other possible requirements include citing relevant research and background information on a particular topic. Always consult with your instructor for a detailed outline of your assignment. A case study is an in-depth study of one person, group, or event.How can i tell her ukulele chords
In a case study, nearly every aspect of the subject's life and history is analyzed to seek patterns and causes of behavior. The hope is that learning gained from studying one case can be generalized to many others. One of the greatest advantages of a case study is that it allows researchers to investigate things that are often difficult to impossible to replicate in a lab. The case study of Genie, for example, allowed researchers to study whether language could be taught even after critical periods for language development had been missed.
In Genie's case, her horrific abuse had denied her the opportunity to learn a language at critical points in her development. This is clearly not something that researchers could ethically replicate, but conducting a case study on Genie allowed researchers the chance to study otherwise impossible to reproduce phenomena.
There are a few different types of case studies that psychologists and other researchers might utilize:. There are a number of different sources and methods that researchers can use to gather information about an individual or group.
The second section of your paper will focus on the intervention used to help the client. Your instructor might require you to choose from a particular theoretical approach or ask you to summarize two or more possible treatment approaches.
Case studies can be a useful research tool but they need to be used wisely. In many cases, they are best utilized in situations where conducting an experiment would be difficult or impossible.Kendo button
They can be helpful for looking at unique situations and allow researchers to gather a great deal of information about a specific individual or group of people. If you have been directed to write a case study for a psychology course, be sure to check with your instructor for any specific guidelines that you are required to follow.
Ever wonder what your personality type means? Sign up to find out more in our Healthy Mind newsletter. More in Student Resources.Case study clinical example CBT: First session with a client with symptoms of depression (CBT model)
Case History. View All.Nagin serial 20
In other words, researchers are interested in looking at factors that may have actually caused certain things to occur. This allows researchers to gather more information before developing their research questions and hypotheses. The subjects are then observed and the information gathered is compared to the pre-existing theory. Jean Piaget's observations of his own children are good examples of how an intrinsic cast study can contribute to the development of a psychological theory.
Researchers might study a group of people in a certain setting or look at an entire community of people.
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